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Chapter 42A, Henderson County Land Development Code Click here for a pdf of the LDC

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ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
§42A-1. Title
§42A-2. Statutory Authority
§42A-3. Purpose
§42A-4. Jurisdiction
§42A-5. Rules of Construction
§42A-6. Official Zoning Map
§42A-7. Interpretation of District Boundaries
§42A-8. Compliance
§42A-9. Farm Exemption
§42A-10. Principal Use
§42A-11. Location of a Nonresidential Use
§42A-12. Relation to the Comprehensive Plan
§42A-13. to §200A-21. Reserved

ARTICLE II. ZONING DISTRICT REGULATIONS
§42A-22. Application of Regulations
Subpart A. General Use Zoning Districts
§42A-23. General Use Zoning Districts
§42A-24. General Use District Requirements
§42A-25. General Use Density and Dimensional Requirements
§42A-26. Guide to Table of Permitted and Special Uses
§42A-27. Residential District One (R1)
§42A-28. Residential District Two (R2)
§42A-29. Residential District Two Rural (R2R)
§42A-30. Residential District Three (R3)
§42A-31. Residential District Four (R4)
§42A-32. Office Institutional District (OI)
§42A-33. Local Commercial District (LC)
§42A-34. Community Commercial District (CC)
§42A-35. Regional Commercial District (RC)
§42A-36. Industrial District (I)
§42A-37. Estate Residential District (R-40)
§42A-38. Waterfront Residential District (WR)
§42A-39. Surface Water District (SW)
§42A-40. to §200A-44. Reserved
Subpart B. Conditional Zoning Districts
§42A-45. Conditional Zoning Districts Established
§42A-46. Plans and Other Information to Accompany Petition
§42A-47. Approval of Conditional Zoning District
§42A-48. Conditions to Approval of Petition
§42A-49. Effect of Approval
§42A-50. Alterations to Approval
§42A-51. Review of Approval of a Conditional Zoning District
Subpart C. Special Mixed Use District
§42A-52. Mixed Use District (MU)
Subpart D. Overlay Districts
§42A-53. Overlay Districts Established
§42A-54. Airport Overlay District (AI) (Reserved)
§42A-55. Corridor Overlay District (Reserved)
§42A-56. to §200A-60. Reserved
§42A-61. Water Supply Watershed Protection Overlay District (WP)
Subpart E. Table of Permitted and Special Uses
§42A-62. Table of Permitted and Special Uses
Subpart F. Supplemental Requirements to the Table of Permitted and Special Uses
§42A-63. Supplemental Requirements to the Table of Permitted Uses
§42A-64. to §200A-73. Reserved

ARTICLE III. SUBDIVISION REGULATIONS
Subpart A. Subdivision General Regulations

§42A-74. Purpose
§42A-75. Comprehensive Plan
§42A-76. Approval for Subdivision Plats
§42A-77. Land Disturbing and Construction Activity
§42A-78. Subdivision Types
§42A-79. to §200A-81. Reserved
Subpart B. Regulations Applicable to All Subdivision Types and Subtypes
§42A-82. Road Frontage and Existing Off-Site Access
§42A-83. Lot Designs
§42A-84. Certificate of Understanding
§42A-85. Subdivision Names and Name Signs
§42A-86. Cemeteries
§42A-87. Advisory Provisions
§42A-88. Conservation Subdivision Standards
§42A-89. to §200A-91. Reserved
Subpart C. Subdivision Road Standards Applicable to All Subdivision Types and Subtypes
§42A-92. Road Disclosure
§42A-93. Right-of-Way
§42A-94. Out of County Access
§42A-95. Existing Private Roads
§42A-96. Road Construction
§42A-97. Shoulder Stabilization
§42A-98. Road Names
§42A-99. Road Names Signs and Regulatory Signs
§42A-100. Road Drainage and Culverts
§42A-101. Stub Roads
§42A-102. Road Type Designation
§42A-103. Private Road Standards for Commercial, Office Institutional, Industrial, and Mixed-Use Subdivisions
§42A-104. Residential Private Road Standards by Road Classification
§42A-105. Additional Road Design Standards Applicable to all Road Classifications
§42A-106. Private Road Standard Reductions
§42A-107. to §200A-109 Reserved
Subpart D. Subdivision Standards By Type
§42A-110. Nonstandard Subdivisions
§42A-111. Special Subdivisions (Five(5) or Fewer Lots)
§42A-112. Minor Subdivisions (Six(6) to Ten(10) Lots)
§42A-113. Major Subdivisions (Ten(10 or more Lots or Commercial, Office Institutional, or Inudstrial)
§42A-114. Affordable Housing Subdivisions (Reserved)
Subpart E. Subdivision Improvement Guarantees
§42A-115. General
§42A-116. Cost Estimate Standards
§42A-117. Improvement Guarantee Instrument
§42A-118. Amount and Terms of Guarantee; Time Limits
§42A-119. Violations and Penalties
§42A-120. to §200A-123 Reserved
Subpart F. Application, Enforcement and Legal Status Provisions
§42A-124. Designation of Agent
§42A-125. Approval Prerequisite to Plat Recordation
§42A-126. Certification of Exemptions
§42A-127. Plat Approval Required for Building Permit
§42A-128. Land Auctions
§42A-129. Limitations on Applications Pending
§42A-130. Violations and Penalities
§42A-131. to §200A-135 Reserved

ARTICLE IV. ADEQUATE PUBLIC FACILITIES REGULATIONS
§42A-136. Traffic Impact Study
§42A-137. Emergency Services Impact Report
§42A-138. to §200A-165. Reserved

ARTICLE V. LANDSCAPE DESIGN STANDARDS
§42A-166. General
Subpart A. Buffer Requirements
§42A-167. General
§42A-168. Buffer Determination
§42A-169. Plant Material
§42A-170. Plant Material Placement
Subpart B. Parking Lot Landscaping Standards
§42A-171. General
§42A-172. Plant Material Placement
§42A-173. Planting Strip
§42A-174. Parking Island
§42A-175. Non-Curbed Parking Lot
Subpart C. Street Tree Requirements (Major Subdivisions)
§42A-176. General
§42A-177. Plant Material
§42A-178. Plant Material Placement
Subpart D. Screening and Fencing Requirements
§42A-179. General
§42A-180. Plant Material Placement
§42A-181. Buffer Type and Screening
§42A-182. Screen Classification
Subpart E. General Landscaping Standards
§42A-183. General
§42A-184. Plant Specifications
§42A-185. Credits for Preserving Existing Trees
§42A-186. Landscaping Improvement Guarantee
§42A-187. Alternative Compliance
§42A-188. to §200A-192. Reserved
Subpart F. Landscaping Recommended Species List

ARTICLE VI. OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING STANDARDS
Subpart A. Off-Street Parking and Loading Standards
§42A-193. General
§42A-194. Required Number of Spaces for Off-Street Parking
§42A-195. Design of Parking Areas
§42A-196. Placement of Parking
§42A-197. Off-Street Loading Required
§42A-198. Design of Off-Street Loading
§42A-199. to §200A-203. Reserved

ARTICLE VII. SIGN REGULATIONS
§42A-204. General
Subpart A. General Sign Standards
§42A-205. General
§42A-206. Prohibited Signs
§42A-207. Permit Requirements
§42A-208. Sign Placement
§42A-209. Sign Area Determination
§42A-210. Lighting Standards
§42A-211. Property Address Signs
§42A-212. to §200A-216. Reserved
Subpart B. Exempt Sign Standards
§42A-217. General
§42A-218. Exempt Sign Standards
Subpart C. On-Premise Sign Standards
§42A-219. General
§42A-220. Residential Zoning Districts
§42A-221. Office, Institutional, and Commercial Zoning Districts
§42A-222. Industrial Zoning District
Subpart D. Off-Premise Sign Standards
§42A-223. General
§42A-224. Commercial and Industrial Districts, Urban Service Area
§42A-225. to §200A-227. Reserved
Subpart E. Sign Maintenance
§42A-228. Sign Maintenance
§42A-229. to §200A-231. Reserved

ARTICLE VIII. NATURAL RESOURCES
Subpart A. Flood Damage Prevention

§42A-232. Statutory Authorization, Findings of Fact, Purpose and Objectives
§42A-233. General Provisions
§42A-234. Administration
§42A-235. Flood Hazard Reduction
§42A-236. Legal Status
§42A-237. Reserved
Subpart B. Water Quality
§42A-238. General Provisions
§42A-239. Water Supply Waterhsed Regulations
§42A-240. Stormwater Management Regulations
§42A-241. Structural and Nonstructural Stormwater BMPs Maintenance
§42A-242. Responsible Persons/Entinties
§42A-243. Fees
§42A-244. Effective Date
§42A-245. Severability
§42A-246. to §200A-250. Reserved
Subpart C. Perennial and Intermittent Surface Water Buffers
§42A-251. Perennial and Intermittent Surface Water Buffers
Subpart D. Protected Mountain Ridges
§42A-252. Protected Mountain Ridges
Subpart E. Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control
§42A-253. Purpose
§42A-254. Scope and Exclusions
§42A-255. Mandatory Standards for Land Disturbing Activity
§42A-256. Erosion and Sedimentation Control Plans
§42A-257. Basic Control Objectives
§42A-258. Design and Performance Standards
§42A-259. Stormwater Outlet Protection
§42A-260. Borrow and Waste Areas
§42A-261. Access and Haul Roads
§42A-262. Operations in Lakes or Natural Watercourses
§42A-263. Responsibility for Maintenance
§42A-264. Additional Measures
§42A-265. Existing Uncovered Areas
§42A-266. Fees
§42A-267. Plan Appeals
§42A-268. Inspections and Investigations
§42A-269. Penalties
§42A-270. Injunctive Relief
§42A-271. Restoration After Non-Compliance
§42A-272. Severability
§42A-273. Effective Date
§42A-274. to §200A-293. Reserved

ARTICLE IX. NONCONFORMITIES
§42A-294. General
§42A-295. Nonconforming Lots
§42A-296. Nonconforming Structures
§42A-297. Nonconforming Structures Containing Nonconforming Uses
§42A-298. Nonconforming Uses
§42A-299. Nonconforming Commercial and Industrial Uses/Structures within the former Open Use (OU) Zoning District
§42A-300. Exemptions and Modifications from Regulations
§42A-301 to §200A-302. Reserved

ARTICLE X. DECISION MAKING, ADMINISTRATIVE AND ADVISORY BODIES
§42A-303. Henderson County Board of Commissioners
§42A-304. Henderson County Planning Board
§42A-305. Henderson County Zoning Board of Adjustment
§42A-306. Henderson County Water Quality Board
§42A-307. Henderson County Flood Damage Prevention Board
§42A-308. Henderson County Technical Review Committee
§42A-309. Henderson County Zoning Administrator
§42A-310. Henderson County Communication Facilities Administrator
§42A-311. Henderson County Floodplain Administrator
§42A-312. Henderson County Manufactured Home Park Administrator
§42A-313. Henderson County Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control Administrator
§42A-314. Henderson County Water Quality Administrator
§42A-315. to §200A-319. Reserved
§42A-320. Henderson County Planning Director
§42A-321. Henderson County Subdivision Administrator
§42A-322. to §200A-326. Reserved

ARTICLE XI. REVIEW PROCESSES AND PROCEDURES
Subpart A. Site Plan Review and Approval
§42A-327. General
§42A-328. Communication Facility Site Plan Review
§42A-329. Manufactured Home Park (MHP) Site Plan Review
§42A-330. Minor Site Plan Review
§42A-331. Major Site Plan Review
§42A-332. to §200A-334. Reserved
Subpart B. Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control Plan Review and Approval
§42A-335. Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control Plan Review and Approval
Subpart C. Subdivision Review and Approval
§42A-336. General
§42A-337. Review for Minor and Nonstandard Subdivisions
§42A-338. Review for Major Residential Subdivisions and Conservation Subdivisions of Eleven (11) to Thirty-Four (34) Lots and any Commercial, Office Institutional, Industrial or Mixed-Use Subdivisions of Thirty-Four (34) or Fewer Lots
§42A-339. Review for Major Subdivisions and Conservation Subdivisions of Thirty-Five (35) to Two Hundred Ninety-Nine (299) Lots
§42A-340. Review for Major Subdivisions and Conservation Subdivisions of Three Hundred (300) or More Lots
§42A-341. Master Plans
§42A-342. Development Plans
§42A-343. Final Plat Review
Subpart D. Amendment Processes
§42A-344. General
§42A-345. Comprehensive Plan Amendments
§42A-346. Ordinance Amendments
Subpart E. Permit Approval Processes

§42A-347. General
§42A-348. Category One (1) or Two (2) Communication Facility Permits
§42A-349. Category Three (3) Communication Facility Permits
§42A-350. Floodplain Development Permits
§42A-351. Manufactured Home Park (MHP) Construction Permits
§42A-352. Manufactured Home Park (MHP) Completion of Improvements (COI) Permits
§42A-353. Sign Permits
§42A-354. Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control Permits
§42A-355. Special Fill Permits
§42A-356. Special Use Permits
§42A-357. Stormwater Management Permits
§42A-358. Temporary Use Permits
§42A-359. Water Supply Watershed Use Permits
§42A-360. Watershed Protection Compliance Permits
§42A-361. Waterhsed High-Density Development Permits
§42A-362. Zoning Permits
Subpart F. Vested Rights
§42A-363. General
§42A-364. Vested Rights
§42A-365. Common Law Vested Rights
Subpart G. Variances
§42A-366. General
§42A-367. Variances
§42A-368. Variances (Flood Damage Prevention)
§42A-369. Variances (Watershed Regulations)
Subpart H. Legislative and Quasi-Judicial Process Standards
§42A-370. Legislative Process Standards
§42A-371. Quasi-Judicial Process Standards
§42A-372. to §200A-375. Reserved

ARTICLE XII. ENFORCEMENT, VIOLATIONS, AND APPEALS
§42A-376. Duties Regarding Enforcement
§42A-377. Violations
§42A-378. Violations of Article VIII (Natural Resources) Subpart A (Flood Damage Prevention)
§42A-379. Appeals
§42A-380. Interrelation of County Permits
§42A-381. Computation of Time
§42A-382. Reserved

ARTICLE XIII. LEGAL STATUS
§42A-383. Conflict with other Laws
§42A-384. Severability of Parts of Code
§42A-385. Repeal of Existing Zoning
§42A-386. to §200A-390. Reserved

ARTICLE XIV. DEFINITIONS
§42A-391. Definitions