Article V - Plumbing Facilities and Fixture Requirements 
§ 48-51.   General 
Scope. The provisions of this section shall govern the minimum plumbing systems, facilities and
plumbing fixtures to be provided. 
Responsibility. The owner of the structure shall provide and maintain such plumbing facilities and
plumbing fixtures in compliance with these requirements. A person shall not occupy as owner-occupant
or permit another person to occupy any structure or premises which does not comply with the require-
ments of this section. 
§ 48-52.   Required Facilities 
Dwelling units. Every dwelling unit shall contain its own bathtub or shower, lavatory, water closet and
kitchen sink which shall be maintained in a sanitary, safe working condition. The lavatory shall be placed
in the same room as the water closet or located in close proximity to 
the door leading directly into the
room in which such water closet is located. A kitchen sink shall not be used as a substitute for the
required lavatory. 
Rooming houses. At least 1 water closet, lavatory and bathtub or shower shall be supplied for each 4
rooming units. 
§ 48-53.   (Reserved)
§ 48-54.   Plumbing Systems and Fixtures 
General. All plumbing fixtures shall be properly installed and maintained in working order, and shall be
kept free from obstructions, leaks and defects and be capable of performing the function for which such
plumbing fixtures are designed. All plumbing fixtures shall be maintained in a safe, sanitary and
functional condition. 
Fixture clearances. Plumbing fixtures shall have adequate clearances for usage and cleaning. 
Plumbing system hazards. Where it is found that a plumbing system in a structure constitutes a hazard to
the occupants or the structure by reason of inadequate service, inadequate venting, cross connection,
back-flow, improper installation, deterioration or damage or for similar reasons, the Code official shall
require the defects to be corrected to eliminate the hazard. 
§ 48-55.   Water System 
General. Every sink, lavatory, bathtub or shower, drinking fountain, water closet or other plumbing
fixture shall be properly connected to either a public water system or to an approved private water
system. All kitchen sinks, lavatories, laundry facilities, bathtubs and showers shall be supplied with hot
or tempered and cold running water in accordance with the North Carolina Plumbing Code. 
Contamination. The water supply shall be maintained free from contamination, and all water inlets for
plumbing fixtures shall be located above the flood-level rim of the fixture. Janitor sink faucets and other
hose bibs or faucets to which hoses are attached and left in place, shall be protected by an approved
atmospheric-type vacuum breaker or an approved permanently attached hose connection vacuum
Water Heating Facilities. Water heating facilities shall be properly installed, maintained and capable of
providing an adequate amount of hot water to be drawn at every required sink, lavatory, bathtub, shower
and laundry facility at a temperature of not less than 110°F (43°C). A gas-burning water heater shall not
be located in any bathroom, toilet room, bedroom or other occupied room normally kept closed, unless
adequate combustion air is provided. An approved  combination temperature and pressure-relief valve
and relief valve discharge pipe shall be properly installed and maintained on water heaters. 
§ 48-56.   Sanitary Drainage System 
General. All plumbing fixtures shall be properly connected to either a public sewer system or to an
approved private sewage disposal system. Septic systems should be properly maintained so as not to
cause failure.
Maintenance. Every plumbing stack, vent, waste and sewer line shall function properly and be kept free
from obstructions, leaks and defects. 
48-57. Through 48-60. (Reserved)