Waterfront Residential District (WR)
Purpose. The Waterfront Residential District (WR) is established to maintain the zoning in place prior to
the adoption of this Chapter 42. This district is established for residential development on or adjacent to
waterfront property, that which is navigable for small recreational-type boats and watercraft. The district is
intended to maintain and promote low-density single-family development and is intended to provide
protection of the existing waterfront character and environmental sensitivity, particularly the water quality and
any adjacent wetlands. The WR District shall not be extended from the locations designated on the Official
Zoning Map, nor shall new WR District areas be designated except where initiated by the Board of
Commissioners or Planning Board. The WR District may be altered or removed with the completion of
Dimensional Requirements. Each use allowed in this district shall at a minimum conform to the following
requirements. In some cases a specific use may be required to meet the Supplemental Requirements as set
forth in §42-63 (Supplemental Requirements). The Conservation Subdivision option shall be available in the
WR District. Minimum lot sizes shall not apply when using the Conservation Subdivision option and an
average density of one (1) unit per 30,000 square feet shall be applied.
Table 2.12. WR Dimensional Requirements
(1) Minimum Lot Area (sq ft)
Minimum Lot Area Per Dwelling (Family Unit) (sq ft)
(3) Yard Setbacks (feet)
Front or ROW
(2) Major Roads
Maximum Height Principal Structure (feet)
Maximum Height Accessory Structure (feet)
Maximum Height Boat House (feet)
(Measured from Full Pond Elevation)
The minimum lot area for portions of the tract with a slope of 60 percent or greater (where such
slope areas of the tract account for ten (10) percent or more of the tract) shall be twice the minimum
lot area of the district.
Major roads shall include: Interstate 26, US Highway 64, US Highway 25, US Highway 176, NC
Highway 280, NC Highway 191, Kanuga/Crab Creek Road (SR 1127), Clear Creek Road (SR 1503),
Upward Road (SR 1722), and Upward Road Connector (SR 1783).
Yard setbacks shall be measured from the centerline of right-of-way. Where the road is a major road
and more than two (2) lanes (including parking lanes), the yard setback requirements shall be
measured and begin at a point on the pavement 12 feet from the edge of the paved road abutting the
property in subject.
Permitted Uses. Within the WR District, the following uses are permitted:
Dwelling, single-family, and manufactured homes (multi-section), excluding manufactured homes
(singlewide) and mobile homes (See SR 1.5-Dwelling, Manufactured/Mobile Home (multi-
section/singlewide) and SR 1.8-Dwelling, Single Family Detached).
Customary Accessory Building (Including garages, storage buildings, pools, tennis courts,
boathouses and similar recreational uses). Customary accessory buildings:
Shall be permitted in rear yards, provided that they are located not less than five (5) feet
from any property line;
May be permitted in side yards, provided that their placement shall not exceed the minimum
side yard setback requirement for that district or use;
Shall not be permitted in front yards, except in the following cases:
Where, by definition, more than one (1) front yard exists, such as in corner lots or
double fronted lots; or
Where the measurement of a lot's perimeter boundary is equal to or exceeds 50
percent of the abutting road right-of-way;
In Subsection c.1. and c.2. above, an accessory building shall not be located closer to the
center line of the abutting road than is otherwise permitted by this Chapter;
In these cases only, such determination shall be made by the Zoning Administrator on a
case-by-case basis. Determinations shall take into account orientation of the structure and
dwelling, road and driveway location, topographical features, traffic volume, and visual
In no case shall an accessory building be permitted in any front, side or rear yard if it
exceeds 15 feet in height or if it occupies more than 30 percent of the required yard area;
however, height restrictions do not apply on lots of one (1) or more acres. Maximum
building height for private boathouses shall be 25 feet measured from the full pond
elevation (lakes) or mean sea level elevation (rivers).
Signs not more than four (4) square feet in area advertising the sale or rental of property on which
they are located.
Church, provided that:
The structures are placed not less than 50 feet from any property line;
They are located with access to a street, as shall be determined by the Zoning Administrator;
There is a planted buffer strip along the side and rear property lines, except where such lines
run parallel and contiguous with streets, streambeds, lakes and railroad tracks. (See SR 5.3-
Cemetery/Mausoleum/Columbarium (excluding crematoriums)
Church bulletin boards not exceeding 12 square feet in area.
Utility Substation (See SR 9.13-Utility Substation).
Communications Facilities, Category I (See SR 9.3-Communications Facilities, Category
Family Care Home (See SR 1.10-Family Care Home).
Solar Panels (See SR 2.11-Solar Panels).
Permitted with a Special Use Permit. Within the WR District, the following uses are permitted with a
special use permit provided that the conditions listed below are met. This special use permit shall be issued in
accordance with §42-356 (Special Use Permits):
Park (See SR 4.16 -Park).
Tennis Club (See SR 4.24 -Swim and Tennis Club).
Golf Course (See SR 4.7-Golf Course and/or Country Club).
Camp (See SR 4.3- Camp).
Customary Incidental Home Occupation (permitted as accessory uses in a residence). Customary
incidental home occupations include, but are not limited to: construction, and the practice of such
professions as insurance, medicine, artistry, architecture, and accounting. Customary incidental home
Be conducted entirely within a dwelling;
Be carried on by the occupants thereof;
Be clearly incidental and secondary to the use of the dwelling for residential purposes;
Not change the character thereof;
Not install or use mechanical equipment except such as is normally used for domestic or
Not have over 25 percent of the total floor space of any structure in use for a home
Not be conducted in any accessory building.
Communication Facilities, Category 2 where such towers are limited to:
monopole towers, and
a height no greater than 100 feet (See also SR 9.3-Communication Facilities,
Wind Mill/Turbine, Accessory
= 40 ft (See SR 3.16).
Wind Mill/Turbine, Accessory > 40 ft (See SR 3.17).